Dental instruments


These tools allow dental professionals to manipulate tissue to allow for better visual access during treatment or during dental examinations.
There are two main types of these: –

1. Mirror
2. Probe


Mouth mirror – 2

A mirror or a dentist’s mirror is an instrument used for dentistry. The head of the mirror is usually round, and the most common sizes are 4 and 5. When a smaller mirror is required, a mirror No. 2 is sometimes used, such as when working on the back teeth with teeth. Mouth mirrors have a wide range of uses. Its three most important functions are to allow the dentist to perform indirect vision, reflect light to the desired surface, and contract the soft tissue.

Indirect vision is required at certain locations in the mouth where it is difficult or invisible. The posterior (or lingual) surface of the maxillary anterior teeth is a prominent area where eyepieces are often used. Using the mouth mirror makes it easier to see other areas of the mouth, even if the dentist or dental hygienist adjusts their body to a bad position. Without a mouth mirror, bad body positioning occurs every day, leading to chronic posture problems, especially the back and neck.

There are other areas in the mouth that are difficult to illuminate, even for the top dentists. In these cases, the mouth mirror is used to reflect light onto those surfaces. This is especially useful if the mirror is used for indirect vision of blurred areas.

In addition, the mouth mirror is used to contract tissue, such as the tongue or cheek, for better dental visualization.

Engineers also often use the dentist’s mirror to visualize around small spaces and corners of equipment. They are also commonly used tools in optical and laser laboratories.


The probe is basically a type:

  • Dental detector (or boring probe).
  •  Periodontal probe.

Dental detector (or boring probe):

Dental probes or scalpel probes are commonly used dental instruments in dental instruments. The sharp points at the end of the explorer are used to enhance the feel.

Until recently, it was suggested that dentists use explorers to determine the presence of enamel on the enamel. Some dental professionals question this practice. Since enamel is demineralized in the early stages of cavities, the use of a detector opens a cavity that was not previously present in the enamel. Instead, they believe that fluoride and oral hygiene should be used to remineralize enamel and prevent further rot of enamel. This debate is still going on, because if there is no tactile verification, it is sometimes difficult to diagnose decay. In addition, radiography and other products designed to identify decay (such as measuring the fluorescence of a laser) help dental professionals to make a final diagnosis of tooth decay.

There are various types of explorers, but the most common is the No. 23 explorer, also known as the “Shepherd’s Hook.” Other types include 3CH (also known as “cowhorn” or “pigtail”) and Explorer 17, which can be used in the interproximal area between teeth.

The Tufts 17/23 Resource Manager, also known as the Wilken Resource Manager, contains the 17th and 23rd on the same instrument; the opposite of each other.

Periodontal probe:


Periodontal probes are dental instruments commonly used in dental instruments. It is usually very long, very thin and will eventually become dull. The primary purpose of a periodontal probe is to measure the depth of the pocket around the tooth to determine the health of the periodontal tissue. For accuracy and readability, a mark is engraved on the head of the instrument.

Proper use of periodontal probes is necessary to maintain accuracy. The tip of the instrument is placed in the gingival sulcus, which has a slight pressure of 10-20 grams, which is a potential spatial area between the tooth and the surrounding tissue. It is important to keep the periodontal probe parallel to the contour of the root and insert the probe down into the bottom of the pocket. This causes a portion of the periodontal probe tip to become blurred. The first mark visible above the pocket indicates the measurement of the pocket depth. The average healthy pocket depth has been found to be approximately 3 mm with no bleeding at the time of detection. A depth greater than 3 mm may be associated with “loss of attachment” of the tooth to the surrounding alveolar bone, a feature found in periodontitis. Pocket depths greater than 3 mm may also be a sign of gingival hyperplasia.

There are many different types of periodontal probes, each with its own way to indicate the measurement at the tip of the instrument. For example, the Michigan O probe is labeled 3 mm, 6 mm and 8 mm, and the circumference of the Williams probe is 1 mm, 2 mm, 3 mm, 5 mm, 7 mm, 8 mm, 9 mm and 10 mm. The PCP12 probe with Marquis marks alternately displays shadows every 3 mm. Unlike the two mentioned above, the Naber probe is curved and is used to measure the bifurcation area between the roots.
For PCP12 probes, shadows are used alternately every 3 mm. The probe is located on the modified Novatech handle and is designed to make the probe easier to align with the vertical axis of the tooth.

Periodontal probes can also be used to measure other dental instruments, dental preparations during repair, gingival recession, attached gums and oral lesions or lesions.

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